Inclusive Health Coalition
A culture of health means a culture of inclusion that promotes ongoing engagement and recruitment of individuals with ID in community health improvement planning, implementation, and policy setting. Forming an Inclusive Health Coalition (IHC), focused on promoting disability inclusion, is a good method to promote ongoing engagement of individuals with ID. IHCs membership includes:
- Members of the ID community, including self-advocates and family members,
- Professionals with disability health expertise,
- Disability-related non-profit organizations and agencies, and
- Community leaders and organizations.
ID and Standards and Measures
An IHC could assist with the assessment of the health needs of populations with ID as well as develop inclusive programs and interventions to improve health. An IHC could be a valuable asset in both the Community Health Assessment and the Community Health Improvement Plan processes. An IHC could also provide documentation of community partnerships that are required (Domain 4).
Assessment and surveillance (Domain 1) of the population of individuals with ID at Tribal, state, and local levels is critical to comprehensive health and disability data and with the identification of individuals that require public health promotion, health protection, and disease prevention. Two commonly used data sources include The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and CDC’s Disability and Health Data System (DHDS).
The mitigation of health problems and environmental public health hazards include consideration of the population with ID, particularly communication during public health emergencies (Domain 2).
Health equity planning (Domain 3) includes the population with ID. For example, the physical environment should be accessible for individuals who have both ID and physical disabilities. Health departments can serve as advocates for this concept when community-level health promotion activities are being planned (such as walking paths, transportation, and other health promotion special events and venues).
Inclusive health is also important for a seamless integration of the population with ID in health education and promotion strategies that address issues such as physical activity, obesity, nutrition, and chronic disease (Domain 3).
The population with ID should also be included in planning and testing efforts for the Emergency Operations Plan (Domain 5). The population with ID may also face barriers to care (Domain 7).
Additional Resources on Inclusive Health
- Special Olympics International. http://resources.specialolympics.org/Taxonomy/Health/Resources Inclusive_Health.aspx
- Five Steps for Inclusive Health Promotion. National Association of County and City Health Officials. June 2017. http://www.naccho.org
- Building Healthy Inclusive Communities. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/features/building-inclusive-communities/index.html
- Including People with Disabilities: Public Health Workforce Competencies, 2016. Association of University Centers on Disabilities. http://www.disabilityinpublichealth.org
- Health Care for Adults with Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities: Communicating Effectively. https://vkc.mc.vanderbilt.edu/etoolkit/general-issues/communicating-effectively